Marijuana is a fantastic plant genus best known for its medicinal and mind-altering properties. Its use and cultivation date back to the written language itself and its therapeutic and spiritual value spans many cultures around the world throughout history.
Yet, given its ubiquity, you can not grasp entirely what cannabis is or why there are thousands of various varieties inundating markets all over the planet. We are going to take a look at how the plant is described, how cannabis has been used, and why it has assumed so many forms since its first usage in human culture.
What is marijuana used for?
Today, cannabis use is commonly categorized into two primary methods: leisure and medicinal use. Recreational cannabis users may use cannabis for a variety of purposes, such as relaxation, stress relief, and artistic stimulation. Health patients use marijuana to treat conditions such as discomfort, anxiety, depression, lack of appetite, and more.
Cannabis includes hundreds of active substances (e.g. cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids) that offer a wide variety of medicinal benefits. CBD and THC became two of the most common cannabis compounds, but there are plenty of others that give a wide range of results.
Cannabis is also a vital agriculture tool. Solid fibres of hemp were used to create belts, clothes, textiles, construction products, and more. It also grows healthy, consumable seeds packed with essential amino acids, proteins and other precious minerals. Cannabis by-products can also be generated in cooking oils and can also act as a renewable biofuel.
Getting to know the marijuana plant
Cannabis is an annual flowering plant with either male or female reproductive organs, indicating that a male will pollen a female to develop seeds (unless the plant exhibits unusual hermaphroditic characteristics).
A female plant that does not obtain pollen during its reproductive cycle is sometimes referred to as sinsemilla, a Spanish word that means “without seed.” These seedless females grow big, resinous buds that are usually burned, vaporized or refined into oils.
Hemp applies to a specific subspecies of weed most widely cultivated for its fibre and seeds. It also contains a small volume of CBD that can be processed into cosmetics, oils and other consumables.
What is a marijuana strain?
Cannabis is thought to have developed in Central Asia, but over centuries, colonization and discovery would have taken the herb to nearly every continent. Cultivators carefully selected their plants to suit the desires of their populations.
Over many generations, variations within cultivars began to develop in each pocket of the world where cannabis had taken root. Such variants are recognized as terrestrial strains.
Many of these terrestrial strains were harvested from their natural environments and introduced to the West, where they were crossbred by horticulturists wanting to discover the promise of the plant. This cycle of hybridization — breeding various males with various females — has given birth to the thousands of varieties we eat today.
You have used the words “indica,” “sativa,” and “hybrid” while asked about cannabis varieties. Such three styles are mainly concerned with the various shapes and configurations of the plant, features that are essential to growers. Consumers have long thought that indica has sedative effects, and that sativa promotes energy, and that hybrid results fall somewhere in between. However, this effect-based grouping has increasingly been refuted by studies.
Today, cannabis classification resides more or less in the following categories:
• High-THC, low-CBD (highly euphoric)
• High-CBD, low-THC (remarkably clear-headed)
• Healthy CBD and THC (mildly euphoric)
Each of these three “chemotypes” provides distinct medicinal advantages and effectiveness profiles. Read more on how the CBD and THC strains vary here and consider playing with various strains and potencies to figure out what fits best for you.