Cannabis growing outdoors is fast; you need a large open area that gets plenty of light, a water source, a decent soil, and a way to cover the plants when the weather is terrible.
One of the essential things to note is that cannabis relies on the photoperiod, which implies that it transitions from the vegetative to the flowering stage as days tend to shorten and nights get longer. You want to time it correctly so that your plants can optimize their access to light during the summer before the fall sets in.
Rising and harvesting times here represent the time in the Northern Hemisphere.
Cannabis growers in Northern California have a long season on the West Coast of North America: they will abandon the plants early and harvest later in the season due to the relatively mild weather in the area.
Washington State, on the other side, would have a quicker timeline, because plants can’t be brought out much later in the season because there’s not enough sunshine yet. Harvest needs to be done early before the cold weather bears down on the buds and renders them damp and sticky.
Spring Equinox is a definite sign that it’s time to continue developing outside and continue germinating your seeds.
When the sun grows up on the horizon, so does the weed. Be sure that the plants are past the Summer Solstice.
The weather will continue to transform, and the sun will begin to fall into the clouds while the plants develop lush with warm, juicy buds. It may be enticing, wait before you start harvesting during the Fall Equinox.
All will be washed, dry, and healed long before the Winter Solstice. It’s a perfect time to make your cannabutter, topicals, or tinctures for all the ingredients of the crop. Kick your legs back, relax, hunker down for the night, it’s been a long rising season!
Notes on phases
I can’t emphasize enough that the time frames for this map are the time frames for the Northern Hemisphere. You’re going to need to change them depending on your particular location and local geography and environment.
Be sure to maintain an increasing log to monitor the development of your plants. Checking back on your observations will help you learn from your errors and improve the consistency and quantity of your buds.
Take detailed notes of when and how each move is made, as well as what the environment is like. Other observations can involve how much water you offer to plants, at what times, and how much nutrients you offer to them. Pictures can also give you a clearer understanding of how your plants appear along the way.
Identifying can strains you want to develop, where you want to purchase them, where you want to build on your farm, and your local environment and weather will take some time and effort. And after you order the seeds, it can take a couple of weeks for them to arrive. Be sure to do your homework early to get your mind going so that you don’t rush at the last minute to ruin the perfect opportunity to grow up.
It takes around 3-7 days for the seed to germinate. A lot of farmers would do so indoors because the seeds are fragile, and the weather and atmosphere inside are simpler to regulate. Yet if you stay in a colder environment, continue raising them out of seed by all means. You may also have a tiny greenhouse outside to keep it dry.
When you start developing your crops, it depends in part on how large you want your plants to be for harvesting. If you’re trying to get good yields, the faster your plants grow, the bigger they’re trying to be. But bear in mind that smaller plants are more sustainable and simpler to grow and prune.
Move outdoors/Put in the ground.
When you first germinate seeds and cultivate them indoors, now is the timeline for you to push your plants outside so they can get some good sunshine. You want them to reach at least 6 inches – 1 foot in height before you bring them outdoors, so they’re large and sturdy enough to withstand the heat.
Many old school gardeners are likely to advise you to wait until after Mother’s Day to move them outdoors, because typically speaking, you want them on the field by the Summer Solstice at the time.
Many growers top their plants a few times (two or three) during the season to promote outdoor growth and raise bushes. It’s a smart idea to assign them an initial top when the plant grows five or more nodes.
When your plants continue to blossom and grow buds — usually sometime in August — you want to avoid topping your plants.
Pruning and cleaning plants are performed as appropriate. You want to get rid of dead leaves, and lower branches that won’t get sun and the plant can use the energy to grow buds in healthy branches.
Growers will clean their plants from 1-4 times during the season, depending on how large the crop is and how much labour is required.
What type of strain you have, and what environment you reside in will decide when the strains should be processed. Indicas normally grow stouter so bushier, and there is more fear that their thick buds may become mouldy, and they are generally picked early in the season. Sativas usually are smaller and less massive, and they are typically picked later.
Growers in colder environments would need to finish their harvest soon, even as early as September, for fear of a wet, cold-weather environment and budding. Warmer habitats can be cultivated well in November.